“The Universe is a Computer Simulation” Theory Debunked

“The Universe is a Computer Simulation” Theory Debunked

A lot of researchers and prominent figures in the scientific community have been debating about the theory that the universe is one gigantic simulation being run on an incredibly powerful computation machine. People such as Neil deGrasse Tyson have stated that it is quite likely and Elon Musk has gone as far as stating that there is a 99.9% chance of this theory being true. Elon Musk is the CEO of SpaceX and Tesla and is known by many as the real life Tony Stark and Neil deGrasse Tyson is a highly popular figure in the scientific community, while both of them show support for this Matrix like theory, unfortunately it has been debunked by theoretical Physicists for a handful of reasons.

This theory has been around for quite some time now and is highly believable due to the fact that computer technology has made monumental leaps over a mere four decades, Elon Musk stated at one of his conferences that only 40 years ago we had a game that consisted of nothing more than a dot and two rectangles, now we have highly detailed games and simulations that are capable of rendering tiny worlds consisting of data. If computers can come this far in such a short amount of time, think if what may be possible after another four decades or so, according to some, reality might even become indistinguishable from games in the coming era.

It all sounds incredibly fascinating, however, Oxford’s researches have a different opinion; based on results from research and calculations, they have come to the conclusion that in order to store information related to even a few hundred electrons, one would need memory made of more atoms than there are currently in the universe. Other research published by various physicists also criticize the theory, Zohar Ringel and Dmitry Kovrizhin’s publishing in Science Advances claim that such a humungous and complex simulation is simply impossible to create on classical computers.

One of the major factors that places limitations on the size of a simulation being created is the Quantum Hall effect, something that causes the complexity of simulations to rise exponentially as more and more particles are added to them. Nick Bostrom; the man who wrote a paper on the universe being a simulation theory stated that post human civilisations in the future will be able to make use of vast amounts of computing power to run incredibly realistic simulations of the future. He backs his claims by stating that at the rate at which current computer technology is progressing, such an occurrence might become very possible.

While simulating an entire universe might be a bit too grand a feat for humans to accomplish, there is a ray of hope; researchers have deemed classical computers to be incapable of such a task, but there exist quantum computers. Quantum computers are have been progressing at incredible speeds and they might one day be able to run such massive simulations, but unfortunately, for now, humans have not been able to discover any simulation algorithms that might bring such a project into reality in an efficient manner. According to Kovrizhin and Ringel, such algorithms still have not been discovered due to the fact that they exist outside of the currently imaginable realm of theoretical physics. Basically, we humans simply are not capable of bringing this hypothesis to reality, forcing us to confine such notions within our imaginations.

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